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The pipes

 

A look at the pipes inside the organ helps to identify their origins. It remains a large part of old stops, mainly from Dupont and Cavaillé-Coll.

BassonIt still remains 23 stops (35% of total) from Dupont, successively modified by Cavaillé-Coll and Haerpfer-Erman. Cavaillé-Coll modified some existing stops in the 19th century by introducing tuning slots, adjustable caps, and nickings on the flue pipes’ languids.

Haerpfer-Erman, with the aim to restore the Positif  as in the 18th century (dans l’esprit du XVIIIème siècle according to the quote)  significantly changed the pipes’ physical characteristics by lowering the pipes’ feet, changing the languids and widening the toe holes. It is hence incorrect to look for Dupont’s original voice, except for the reeds stops of the Bombarde keyboard and of the Pédale, as many were kept unchanged.

22 stops (34%) are from Cavaillé-Coll’s work, mainly at the Récit and Pédale. Some kept their original timber, some others were transformed by Haerpfer-Erman, such as the numerous Flute stops,  that were cut in order to remove their harmonic voices. Those Flutes have been recently extended (2013) in order to make them sound harmonic again.

Cornet16 stops (25%) are from Haerpfer-Erman, including the Récit’s Cornet, that was brought from the former organ of Saint-Pierre Church in Nancy that the organ builder restored. There are mainly mutation stops and the three Bombarde’s Principals.  

Pipes are mainly lead-tin alloy- and copper-made.

Finally, 2 stops were installed by Jean-François Vautrin: the Bombarde’s Cromorne and the Positif’s Oboe (dessus, starting at c3). The latter was transferred by Haerpfer-Erman in the 1960s to the Lépine’s Great-Organ of Sarlat Cathedral, south of France, but was brought back in 2012 by organ builders Laurent Plet and Bertrand Cattiaux, the grave pipes were built at that time as a Bassoon as in order to add a full stop. The Bassoon’s shallots are notably from Cavaillé-Coll.

Façade pipes are tin-made, originally from Dupont. Cavaillé-Coll’s workers found engraved at the time of the reconstruction on one of the Montre pipe’s languid: Frères Dupont Nicolas Joseph Fecite.

 

 icone photo galerie Pipes 

 

Stops characteristics :

Positif

Montre 8’   Built by Dupont, tin-made, C1 to G3 are facade pipes
Bourdon 8’      Built by Dupont, C1 to A1 are oak-made, the rest is lead-made
Prestant 4’     Built by Dupont, tin-made, a part is used in facade
Nazard 2' 2/3 Built by Dupont, former Quinte 2' 2/3 of Cavaillé-Coll
Doublette 2’ Built by Dupont, tin-made with lead-made feet
Tierce 1' 3/5   Built by Haerpfer
Larigot 1' 1/3 Built by Haerpfer
Piccolo 1’       Built by Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made, wide sizes to be noticed
Cornet 5 rgs Built by Haerpfer, replacing Dupont's Cornet transferred to the Bombarde division
Fourniture 4 rgs   Built by Haerpfer
Trompette 8’ Built by Dupont, except B4 to F5 from Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made resonators with lead-made feet. Shallots were changed in 2012, after Dupont
Clairon 4’ Built by Dupont, except the last octave from Haerpfer, which are labial pipes. Shallots were changed in 2012, after Dupont
Basson-Hautbois 8’ Bassoon is a new stop built by Laurent Plet in 2012 with tongues and shallots from Cavaillé-Coll. Oboe built by Vautrin, returned in 2012
Cromorne 8’ Built by Dupont, tin-made resonators, old shallots

  

Grand-orgue

Montre 16’   Built by Dupont, C1 to D#3 are facade pipes. Tin-made, tuning slides from Cavaillé-Coll  
Bourdon 16’ Built by Dupont. Low pipes are wood-made, high are lead-made
Montre 8’ Built by Dupont, C1 to F2 are facade pipes. Tin-made, tuning slides from Cavaillé-Coll  
Bourdon 8’  Built by Dupont. First octave is oak-made, the rest is lead-made
Flûte harmonique 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. First octave is fir-made, the rest is tin-made. Harmonic voicing starting C3 remade in 2013
Prestant 4’  Built by Dupont, C1 to B1 are facade pipes. Tin-made, tuning slides from Cavaillé-Coll  
Flûte douce 4’ Built by Dupont, lead-made,  chimney-flute pipes
Grosse tierce 3' 1/5 Built by Haerpfer
Quinte 2' 2/3 Built by Haerpfer
Doublette 2’  Built by Dupont, tin-made, lead-made feet
Septième 1' 1/7 Built by Haerpfer, starts at C3

  

Bombarde                   

Principal 8’     Built by Haerpfer, C1 to F2 are copper-made
Principal 4’   Built by Haerpfer, C1 to B1 are copper-made
Principal 2’   Built by Haerpfer
Cornet 5 rgs  Built by Dupont, initially set in the positif. Replaces a similar stop stolen during the 1965 restoration
Fourniture 5 rgs Built by Haerpfer
Cymbale 4 rgs Built by Haerpfer
Bombarde 16’  Built by Dupont. Tin-made resonators, lead-made feet. Ancient shallots
1ère trompette 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made resonators
2ème trompette 8’ Built by Dupont. Tin-made resonators, lead-made feet. Ancient shallots
Clairon 4’ Built by Dupont, except F#4 to F5 from Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resonators, lead-made feet. Ancient shallots
Cromorne 8’ Built by Vautrin. Pavillons en étain, lead-made feet. Ancient shallots

 

Récit expressif

Quintaton 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. C1 to B2 are fir-made, unenclosed
Principal 8’ Built by Haerpfer
Bourdon 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Low pipes are fir-made, high are metal-made, with chimney
Viole de gambe 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Low pipesare fir-made, high are tin-made
Voix céleste 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made
Flûte octaviante 4’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made. Pipes starting C3 were remade harmonic in 2013
Octavin 2’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll, tin-made. Pipes starting C3 were remade harmonic in 2013
Cornet 5 rgs Added by Haerpfer, unenclosed. Pipes were made in the 19th and come from the former organ of St. Pierre's Church in Nancy
Plein-jeu 4 rgs Built by Haerpfer
Basson 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resonators, with tuning slots. Resonators are real size
Trompette 8’  Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resonators, with tuning slots
Clairon 4’  Built by Cavaillé-Coll, except the last octave from Haerpfer, which are labial pipes. Tin-made resonators, with tuning slots
Basson-hautbois 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resonators, with tuning slots
Voix humaine 8’   Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resonators, with tuning slots, with soldered caps.

 

Pédale

Soubasse 32’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Capped pipes fir-made
Flûte 16’ Built by Dupont, F#1 to B2 are facade pipes
Contrebasse 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Open fir-made pipes
Soubasse 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Capped pipes fir-made
Flûte 8’ Built by Dupont (low pipes) and Cavaillé-Coll (high pipes), oak and tin-made, respectively
Flûte 4’ C1 to F1 are facade pipes from Dupont. The rest are tin-made, from Cavaillé-Coll
Mixture 4 rgs Built by Haerpfer
Contrebombarde 32’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Fir-made resonators and feet, leathered shallots
Bombarde 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Fir-made resonators, leathered shallots
Bombarde 16’     Built by Dupont, tin-made resontors and lead-made feet
Contrebasson 16’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resontors, tear-drop shallots
Trompette 8’   Built by Dupont, tin-made resontors and lead-made feet
Basson 8’ Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resontors, tear-drop shallots
Clairon 4’ Built by the Claude bros., completed by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resontors and lead-made feet
Baryton 4’     Built by Cavaillé-Coll. Tin-made resontors, tear-drop shallots

 Pavillons anches                                 

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